Any public or private organization from any part of the world can apply to create and operate a new gTLD. ICANN expects a broad range of public and private sector organizations from around the world to apply, but will limit the first round to 500 applications.
Private sector organisations “for any purpose”
“Operated for the benefit of a defined community consisting of a restricted population”
Requires written endorsement by established institution representing the community
Any registry changes require consultation with the defined community
All applicants for new gTLDs will need to meet very specific operational and technical criteria in order to preserve the security and stability of the Internet, set forth in the Applicant Guidebook. The Applicant Guidebook is a step-by-step roadmap for potential gTLD applicants. The Guidebook covers technical and operational criteria, financial criteria, evaluation fees, required documentation, evaluation processes, and objection procedures